Thursday, 11 May 2017

Hart and Mason family shared DNA

Over the last few days, FamilyTreeDNA has been showing a few new matches in my results.
Many of those are quite small matches, so would be very distant cousins but one, in particular, showed a range of 2nd - 4th cousin with 87 shared centimorgans, the longest block being 29.
This was amongst my highest matches so I felt it would be fairly significant.
I sent an email and received a reply from Jen who said she had done the test mainly out of curiosity about her ethnic origins and that she knew very little about family history research, so didn't feel she could offer much help as to where we connected.

I explained we could be 3rd cousins and asked if she could let me know any of her family surnames.

She replied with 5 surnames, 2 of them being JACKSON and BELL.
I went to my family tree program and Bingo!
I found that a maternal great-grand-aunt, Rose May HART had married John Thomas BELL in 1913.

Rose May HART, born in 1889 at Echuca, Victoria, was a younger sister of my great grandmother, Margaret FLEMING nee HART.  They were daughters of Agnes nee MASON and Peter HART.

John, known as Jack, and Rose had 2 children.  Amelia Agnes BELL born 1914 at Wangaratta and John Desmond BELL born in 1921 at Wangaratta.

Amelia Agnes BELL had married Charles JACKSON and they were Jen's paternal grandparents!
Sadly Amelia had died in childbirth so her son never knew her but Jen says he remembers the HART surname.

I look forward to meeting Jen and her Dad sometime later this year.

FTDNA's "In common with" tool and chromosome browser produced 2 other matches on the same chromosome as Jen although probably further back. (I have privatised the results in the screenshot below)

The 2 other matches are American and on contact with their kit administrator, I was told their ancestors had all been in the United States since the 1800s.

A bit of a mystery somewhere it seems.

Tuesday, 9 May 2017

Allan FLEMING interviews Felix VON LUCKNER

Trove Tuesday

Von Luckner Tells His Story (1938, June 22). The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld. : 1933 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved from

Jack-of-all-trades (from Wikipedia)
Arriving at Fremantle, Western Australia, Luckner jumped ship and for seven years worked in a bewildering array of occupations: he was a seller of the Salvation Army's The War Cry; an assistant lighthouse keeper at the Cape Leeuwin Lighthouse in Augusta, Western Australia, a job he abandoned when he was discovered with his hotelkeeper's daughter by her father; a kangaroo hunter; a circus worker; a professional boxer (due to his exceptional strength); a fisherman......... read more at Wikipedia

Allan Fleming, a first cousin of my mother, was, amongst other occupations, a journalist for the Brisbane Courier Mail.

Tuesday, 2 May 2017

Allan FLEMING - V.I.P. Security

Before his retirement, Allan FLEMING was appointed to take care of V.I.P security.

Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995), Tuesday 28 September 1976, page 3

The Government has appointed a former intelligence officer to mastermind security for VIPs, Government sources in Canberra said yesterday.
Mr Allan Fleming, a former Member of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation and Chief Parliamentary Librarian before his new appointment last week, will be responsible for co-ordinating security
arrangements for the protection of VIPs.
He will play a major role in ensuring the safety of the Queen when she visits Australia next year.

Security cars (1978, January 19). The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995), p. 7.
Retrieved from

Friday, 28 April 2017

Ossie Maxwell Joffre GRANT - WW2 war service

Continuing on from my earlier post on the 6 March 2017 about 

Ossie's mother Jessie Anna HULME died when he was 3 years old.

His paternal Aunt, Ethel Grace GRANT helped his father Walter raise him. She died in 1939.

Ossie joined the Citizen Air Force in March 1941 at the age of 26 years.

He enlisted in the Royal Australian Air Force at Armadale, Melbourne on 17 September 1942 as a trainee radio operator.  

On enlistment, his employment was given as a factory manager for R. B. Shankey Pty Ltd of Bourke Street for whom he had worked for 8 years.

National Archives Australia - NAA: series no. A9301 control symbol 118601

Next of kin was his father Walter, address 11 Moodie Street, Carnegie.

Ossie used a reference given by P. Langford, Headmaster of Dandenong High School dated 16 December 1932.

He was first posted to No. 1 Recruit Depot at Shepparton, Victoria where he passed the radio operators course.  

His next postings were to:
No. 1 radio school at Richmond 2 October 1942
No. 1 Embarkation Depot at Ascot Vale 7 November 1942
No. 55 Operational Base Unit at Birdum NT 14 December 1942 

On the 25 January Ossie was promoted to Radar Operator.

He was then posted to:
No. 39 Radar Station at Port Keats NT 30 January 1943
No. 44 Radar Wing at Adelaide River NT 20 March 1943

Ossie was promoted to Leading Aircraftman (LAC) on 25 April 1943.

later postings were:
No. 1 Personnel Depot at Ransford 31 July 1944
No. 14 Radar Station at Wilson's Promontory 11 September 1944
No. 1 SD at Port Melbourne 12 October 1944
No. 1 Personnel Depot at Ransford 6 January 1945
No. 1 Reserve Personnel Pool at Townsville 30 January 1945
No. 331 Radar Station Tami Island New Guinea 28 March 1945
ADHQ at Madang 29 November 1945
No. 1 Reserve Personnel Pool at Townsville 6 January 1946
No. 1 Personnel Depot at Ransford 7 January 1946

No. 1 Reserve Personnel Pool was disbanded on 15 April 1946. Over the life of the unit a total of 133,606 personnel were moved though the unit, 66,804 personnel coming into the unit and the same number leaving the unit. -

Ossie became ill several times during his service but the nature of his ailments wasn't recorded in his file.

He was in the 52 Operational Base Unit SSQ in Darwin from the 17th to the 24th of October 1943.
Then at the Fighter Sector Headquarters SSQ in Darwin from the 6th to the 20th of December 1943.
Final sick days were at 119 hospital Madang area from 29 May 1945 to 8 June 1945

Ossie was discharged on demobilisation on the 9th of February 1946.
His father Walter died in 1947.

From 1954 until his death in 2000 Ossie lived at 8 Haslemere Avenue, Mitcham.
He was more generally known as Max and devoted many years of service to the Mitcham Repertory Company.

Tuesday, 25 April 2017

A story of Anzac by Allan FLEMING

THE LIFT-OUT SATURDAY SECTION (1953, April 25). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), p. 7.  from

Many writers and orators have tried to express what is meant by "the Anzac spirit" but few have succeeded.
"The Argus" believes this simple and unpretentious short story, written by an Australian soldier fresh from the Battle of Greece in 1941, does express the meaning of the term.
The story appeared in "Active Service," published in 1941, the first of the series of 20 Services books published by the Australian War Memorial.
It is reprinted by permission of the Memorial Trustees.
Originally, it was published above the initials "A.P.F."
Its author is now revealed as Mr. Allan P. Fleming, an Assistant Secretary of the Defence Department.

HE wasn't a fast thinker.
When he was home, in the hills of Victoria's Great Divide, milking cows and mending fences earned
him enough to live on.
So there was no cause to think too hard. Not about -those things, anyhow.
Perhaps he thought about other things. He never
mentioned them. He didn't think too much about the war.
He'd done that before he enlisted ......

Photo captions:

Left:  THAT mountain in Greece . . . saved you from thinking. It expressed itself . . .
Right:  THE HILL he'd tackled with his pony . . . back home.


Friday, 17 March 2017

St Patrick's Day celebration

My St. Patrick's Day has certainly been one to celebrate!
After what seemed to be an endless wait my Dad's DNA results were finally processed and available in FTDNA

Quite appropriate with Dad having a fair bit of Irish ancestry.

In my own DNA results, I shared matches at the same segment on chromosome 3 with three women which pointed to 2nd to 4th cousin relationships.  

Two of them, Shirley and Renee are 2nd cousins to each other.  
They didn't know the third and she hasn't replied to my email.

portion of chromosome browser in FTDNA
Dad's results confirmed that all three were also matching with him at chromosome 3

Shirley and Renee's great-great-grandmother was a Margaret Josephine MORGAN who was born about 1838 in the Parish of Keady, West Armagh.  This is the same place my great-great-grandfather, John MORGAN was born around 1829.

John did have a sister named Margaret who, if we have researched correctly, came to Australia with him and their sister Bridget in 1855.  She married Thomas GAFFNEY in 1863 at Inglewood in Victoria.  Her age on her marriage and death certificates would also put her birth about 1838.
I found baptism records for John and Bridget but none yet for Margaret.

More searching to be done.

Could Margaret Josephine MORGAN be a cousin?  
John's parents were Alexander MORGAN and Anne LENNON (also named as Agnes and Nancy in some documents).
Shirley and Renee don't yet know who Margaret Josephine's parents were.

She married a James WOODS about 1858 and they lived at Newry, County Down.
Their daughter Margaret Mary WOODS, born 1864 and her husband Samuel LOMAX who emigrated to the United States, were the great-grandparents of Shirley and Renee.

My brain hurts!

Tuesday, 14 March 2017

KELLY family of Tipperary

Recently I was "Troving" to see if any new information popped up in a search on my KELLY ancestors from Tipperary.

I didn't find anything on them but did come across an interesting article about Ned KELLY'S father "Red" John KELLY.  
I wonder if any of his descendants have done a DNA test at all.  
My KELLY ancestors came from Dualla which was close by Fethard in Tipperary.  
I know it is a common surname there.  
I can't get back any further with my line to see if there may be a connection.

Still it was an interesting article.

The Kellys were really only 'social bandits' (1988, September 4). The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995), p. 22. , from

A current map from Google showing the areas.

Monday, 6 March 2017

Ossie Maxwell Joffre GRANT (1915 - 2000)

Continuing on from my last blog post about Jessie Anna HULME I decided to do a search for her son Ossie Maxwell Joffre GRANT.  
Ossie's photo was amongst my maternal grandmother's photo collection.

He was born at Beechworth in Victoria on the 28th of March 1915, the only surviving child of Jessie Anna nee HULME and Walter Alfred GRANT. 
Sadly his mum passed away when he was only three and a half years old.

According to the Bulla cemetery burial records,  an infant was buried on the same day as Jessie.
Jessie died at the Women's Hospital in Carlton so I would say she died in or from complications of childbirth.

My first port of call was the wonderful Ryerson Index
I searched for a possible death notice and hit pay dirt.  

Upon request, copies of the notices were emailed to me. 
Ossie Maxwell Joffre GRANT known as Max was an interesting and very community minded man.

courtesy of Bulla cemetery burial records, online

Tuesday, 28 February 2017

Jessie Anna GRANT nee HULME Obituary

Jessie Anna HULME, was an older sister of my maternal great-grandmother Ada May HULME. 
Jessie died on the 21st of September, 1918 at the very young age of 38 years.
She was born at Oxley, North East Victoria, on the 28th of January 1880, the third daughter of Joseph HULME and Anna Dorothea nee BARTSH.

Jessie married Walter Alfred GRANT 
Wangaratta Chronicle 25 September 1918

In my grandmother's photo album is a postcard photo of young Ossie Maxwell Joffre GRANT at 5 years of age.

I think from memory my great-grandmother was known as Auntie Top.
Jessie and Walter moved down to Melbourne, probably to be near the hospital.  After Jessie's death, going by information on the electoral roll entries, I think Walter was living with his sister, Ethel Grace GRANT.  Perhaps she looked after Ossie for him.

Saturday, 25 February 2017

Sepia Saturday 356 - Waterfront photos

The photo prompt for this weeks Sepia Saturday brought to mind a couple of photos taken by my paternal grandmother, Brenda FORSYTH, who was an avid photographer. All her photos were developed for slide format.
My Dad gave me her hundreds of slides.
Nana's hobby was gardening so most of them were of plants and gardens taken on bus trips with the local gardening club.
I found a few which were of people and recognisable landmarks.

Our favourite local pool was Shepparton's Raymond West swimming pool which sadly no longer exists. 
The photo below was taken on a quiet day at the pool.
It was usually crowded.

Shepparton's Raymond West swimming pool possibly late 1960s - early 1970s
Many other nostalgic photos of our pool have been shared on the Lost Shepparton Facebook page 

Another popular Summertime location was, and still is, the lake foreshore at Yarrawonga.

 That reminds me of the song by our iconic Australian country music singer, Slim Dusty, "I'm going back again to Yarrawonga"

The song was actually written during World War One for Ella Shields
Further information can be seen at The National Library of Australia Website

I'll linger longer at Yarrawonga

"I'll Linger Longer at Yarrawonga"

Read more SEPIA SATURDAY contributions HERE

Tuesday, 21 February 2017

News of the day back then - Happy Birthday Dad

Happy Birthday Dad

What was news on the day you were born

SUMMARY OF TO-DAY'S NEWS - The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954)

You and your Dad
Me and my Dad


Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954), 


Peace Moves in Spain
Diplomatic Circles in Paris are optimistic regarding the prospects of a cessation of the civil war in Spain as the result of a second interview between M Berard, a former Federal Minister, and the Nationalist Foreign
Minister. (Page 11.) 
Britain's Pledge to France. 
Following Mr. Chamberlain's recent pledge to France, some members of the House of Commons suggest that the only means of implementing the promise is to be prepared to send an expeditionary force to the Continent at a moment's notice. (Page 11.) 
Crisis in Syria.  
The Syrian government has resigned, declaring that it will no longer recognise the French mandate and demanding the control of the customs and defence. (Page 11.) 
Missing in Central Australia. 
A party, which includes a woman and a baby, has been missing for nine days in Central Australia. (Page 11.) . 
Transport Act Revision. 
Several suggestions for improving the operation of the Transport Act. will be made by the Commercial Motor Users-Association when the Minister of Transport reviews the regulations. (Page 10.) 
Road Plan Abandoned. 
Because it has been unable to obtain a guarantee that the land will not be .required for future railway extensions, the City Council has abandoned a plan to construct a new road to link Queens and Spencer street bridges. (Page 10.) 
Exhibition Oval Lease. 
In an action commenced before Mr. Justice Martin yesterday, Mr. Barry, M.L.A., is contesting the legality of the action of the Exhibition trustees in leasing the sports oval to Jacob Campbell. (Page 7.) 
Record Enlistments. 
Last week a record number of 3500 enlistments was made to the militia forces. Only 8741 recruits are now required to reach the objective of 70,000. (Page 12.)
Air Court Proposal. 
Federal Cabinet is expected next month to institute an air court, presided over by a magistrate in each State. (Page 10.) 
Radio Profits Fall
Reaction after completion of Test cricket broadcasts is one of the main influences blamed by B.R. (Radio) Ltd. for the decline in profits, causing directors to decide no preference or ordinary interim dividend for the half year; should be declared. (Page 9.)  
Control of Public Works. 
Efforts to coordinate control of State public works on a national basis are likely to be made soon by the Federal Cabinet. (Page 10.) 
Work For Youth
Youths receiving training under the Commonwealth and State scheme are being drafted into industry. 
A review of the position was given by the Minister yesterday. (Page 12.)
Threat to Insurance 
Destructive moves for the indefinite postponement of the national insurance scheme will be made at a meeting of the joint Ministerial parties on March 1. The meeting, which it is considered will have a distinct effect on the reputation of the Government, is being awaited with intense interest. (Page 11.) 
Cool Stores Razed. 
£25,000 damage was caused when fire destroyed the Blackburn Cool Stores early yesterday morning. (Page 7.) 
Royal Commissioner's Complaint. 
Judge Stretton complained at Colac that mill owners were ignoring the Royal Commission on Bush Fires and that to get their evidence he might subpoena them to attend in Melbourne. (Page 12.) 
Timber Salvage
A huge dam may be constructed by the Government at Noojee to submerge and preserve logs from the devastated bushfire areas. (Page 15.) 
Murder Trial Evidence. 
The Crown case at the trial of George Green, chimney sweep, of Heidelberg, who is charged with the murder of two women, was outlined in the Criminal Court yesterday. (Page 7.) 
Rich Maffra Areas. 
The Minister of Water Supply admitted yesterday that areas at Maffra were suitable for irrigation, but stated that any extension meant an application to the Loan Council. (Page 15.) 
Ajax Out of Newmarket. 
Ajax was scratched yesterday morning for the Newmarket Handicap. (Page 5.) 
Holding the Ball Rule. 
The move supported by the Victorian League to have the holding the ball rule altered has failed. (Page 6.)

Tuesday, 14 February 2017

Getting to know me

What a great idea for a meme.

Recently a few Genimates have shared this meme which originated on Facebook where there is a wonderful and very supportive community of Geneabloggers.  

I would feel very alone in my hobby without them.

And as my blog is being preserved by the National Library of Australia through Pandora my responses should be available for some years to come if any family are ever interested.

1. Who are you named after? - Both my Dad and Mum.  Dad is Kerry, Mum, Joan.

2. Last time you cried? - Yesterday, I was feeling rather fragile.

3. Do you like your handwriting? - I did once but so much typing now has really made my handwriting suffer.  Or is that just an age thing?

4. What is your favourite lunch meat? - Chicken (real, not processed)

5. Do you still have your tonsils? - Yes

6. Would you bungee jump? - NO WAY

7. What is your favourite kind of cereal? - Porridge

8. Do you untie your shoes when you take them off? - Nope

9. Do you think you are strong? - Not really

10. Favourite ice cream? - Vanilla

11. What is the first thing you notice about a person? - general appearance.

12. Football or baseball? - Tennis

13. What colour pants are you wearing? - Black.

14. Last thing you ate? - Leftovers

15. What are you listening to? - Birds.

16. If you were a crayon, what colour would you be? - Purple

17. What is your favourite smell? - Roses 

18. Who was the last person you spoke to on the phone? - Insurance rep (no disaster, just a renewal)

19. Married? - Yes for 37 years, 2 months and 28 days nearly to the hour

20. Hair colour? - Grey now but disguised auburn.

21. Eye colour? Brown

22. Favourite food to eat? - Anything someone else cooks.

23. Scary movies or happy endings? - Happy endings.

24. Last movie you watched? - Obviously something not worth remembering.  

25. What colour shirt are you wearing? - Blue

26. Favourite holiday? - Visiting family both here in Australia and in New Zealand

27. Beer or Wine? - definitely wine.

28. Night owl or morning person? - Night.  Although recently I uploaded my genealogy FTDNA raw data to DNA Land and their result came up as most likely a morning person.  Not sure how they come to that conclusion.

29. Favourite day of the week? - Any day that I can pursue my genealogy  obsession  hobby.

If you'd like to join in - Just copy my post, paste it on your page, and then put your own answers! It's a fun way to learn more about friends near and far.

Suburban publican fined

Margaret Morgan, nee O'Meara, licensee of the Cross Keys Hotel, North Essendon was found guilty.

Tuesday, 7 February 2017

5th Blogiversary and Happy Birthday Bud

Today is the 5th birthday of my blog.
I have thoroughly enjoyed recording my family history and still do.

Today is also the birthday of my lovely stepdad.

Happy Happy birthday Bud xxx

This is a card Bud's parents received on his birth from his Dad's Canadian Army commander.


19TH OCTOBER, 1967

From 1st January, 1968, the two positions of National
Librarian and Parliamentary Librarian, which to date have been
vested in the one office, will be separated in recognition of
the development of the two libraries and the completion of the
new National Library building next year.
Mr. H. L. White, C. B. i3., who has performed the dual
functions since 1947, will occupy the newly created statutory
office of National Librarian and, by virtue of this appointment,
will vacate the office of Parliamentary Librarian.
On the recommendation of the presiding officers of
the Parliament, Mr. A. P. Fleming, Special Commercial
Adviser, Department of Trade and Industry, who is at present
stationed in London, will be promoted as Parliamentary Librarian
with the particular responsibility of developing the recently
established Legislative Research Service for the Parliament.
The appointment of Mr. WVhite and the promotion of
Mr. Fleming follow an amendment to the National Library Act
earlier this year. This will assist the separation of the
functions of the two libraries. NVhile it might be somewhat
overstating it to describe this separation as something of a
milestone in Parliamentary and national history, there is no
doubt it is of great importance because it marks a point in
our development where we have found two separate institutions
to be necessary. Perhaps the House would allow me to mention briefly
the Mr. White, who will assume the post of National Librarian,
has since 1947 held with distinction both that post and the
post of Parliamentary Librarian. He has actually been in the
service of the Parliament for 45 years a longer period, I
understand, than anyone else. We wish him success in his new
and important office.
Mr. Fleming is aged 55 and is a Bachelor of Arts of
Melbourne University. Before and immediately after the war he was a
journalist with the Argus and the Courier Mail. Mr. Fleming
served in the rising from Private in 1939 to the rank
of Lt. Colonel in 1943. He held several appointments, the last
being General Staff Officer I ( Operations, Land Headquarters).
He was awarded the O. B. E. and twice mentioned in Despatches.
His work with the Commonwealth Public Service since
the war has been widely varied. It has included the planning
and conduct of research as the first Director of the Joint
Intelligence Bureau and later Controller of Joint Service
organisations within the Department of Defence until 1958.
It has also covered since substantial negotiation
and conference for the Department of Trade first as Trade
Commissioner in Paris and London, then as First Assistant
Secretary in charge of the International Trade Relations
Division, and since 1966 as Special Commercial Adviser in
London. Mr. Fleming has been a member or leader of delegations
to G. A. T. T. and United Nations conferences on trade
and development.

  • Source: Licensed from the Commonwealth of Australia under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia Licence.
  • The Commonwealth of Australia does not necessarily endorse the content of this publication.

Monday, 6 February 2017

Allan FLEMING - Librarian promoted to National Post

Still keeping with my Trove Tuesday theme of recording newspaper articles, either written by or about, my Mum's cousin, Allan Percy FLEMING.

John Brudenall shows how Allan Fleming's vision, leadership and enthusiasm contributed to making two libraries the great institutions they are today.
Allan Fleming's library career began in 1968. The long drawn-out
separation of the National Library from the Parliamentary Library (or vice versa) was finally coming to an end as the new National Library building was almost ready for occupation.............
 (source National Library of Australia .pdf document - Brudenall, John (Sep 2001). "A man for his time: Allan Percy Fleming, CBE OBE". National Library of Australia News. XI (12): 10–13.)

This article notifies of Allan Fleming's appointment to National Librarian in 1970.

and further work ....
Study of overseas libraries (1972, October 30). The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995), p. 7. Retrieved February 6, 2017, from

Wednesday, 1 February 2017

Genealogy selfie day

February 1st is Genealogy Selfie Day

Here is my Selfie.

Lost continent by A.P. Fleming

After graduating from Scotch college, Allan FLEMING was offered a place as a cadet reporter at the Melbourne Argus newspaper.
He later went to the Courier-Mail, Brisbane, where he became assistant editor of the Sunday-Mail, and wrote leaders (editorials) and a daily column for the Courier-Mail.
A short stint at the Sun, Melbourne, followed his war service; he was senior magazine editor and a columnist.

I have found many of his articles and would like to record them amongst my Trove Tuesday posts.

Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), Saturday 16 December 1933, page 9




Theories regarding the supposed lost continent of Lemuria which Is said once to have existed in the Southern Hemisphere make fascinating and amusing reading There has never been unanimity upon the characteristics of Lemuria or its place in the development of civilisation In spite of the evidence produced by scientists or the theories deduced by others chiefly from Inspiration. The position of the continent has never been determined An oceanographic expedition conducted by the Egyptian Government lately succeeded in establishing the fact that the seabed, many fathoms below the Indian Ocean between the Gulf of Aden and the Indian coast, was once part of a great continent. One of the most ancient legends of India preserved in the temples by oral and written tradition, relates that several hundred thousand years ago there existed in the ocean an immense continent which was destroyed by a geological upheaval, and the fragments of which must be sought in Madagascar, CeyIon, Sumatra, Java, and Borneo. Many of the theories of life on the lost continent are based upon such oral tradition. The name Lemuria given to the continent Is based on the distribution of the lemur genus found in Madagascar

A period of four or five million years is assigned by one of the most ingenious investigators as the life of the lost continent. He places Lemurian man in an age of reptiles and pine forest, with amphibious monsters and gigantic tree ferns flourishing In the warm damp climate Plesiosauri, Ichthyosauri, Dinosauri, and Pterodactyls swarmed about him. Man himself was rather an animal destined to reach humanity than a human being according to our standards. His stature was gigantic between 12 and l5 feet. His skin was dark of a yellowish brown colour. He had a long lower jaw, a strangely flattened face, eyes small but piercing and set curiously far apart, so that he might see sideways as well as in front; and an eye at the back of the head, the atrophied remnant of which Is now known as the pineal gland, enabled him to see in that direction also. He had no forehead but there seemed to be a roll of flesh where his forehead should have been. The head sloped backwards and upward In a curious way. The arms and legs, especially the arms, were longer In proportion than those of modern man and they could not be perfectly straightened either at elbows or knees; the hands and feet were enormous and the heels projected backwards In an ungainly way. The figure was clothed in a loose robe of skin something like rhinoceros hide but more scaly, probably the skin of some animal of which we now know only the fossil remains. A sharpened staff was used for defence. In the right hand was twisted the end of a long rope made of some sort of creeping plant by which the man led a huge and hideous reptile resembling the Plesiosaurius. The Lemurians actually domesticated these creatures according to the writer and trained them to employ their strength in hunting other animals.

Some Great Cities

As the Lemurians progressed they conducted offensive and defensive wars against beasts of prey, and began to live in huts. To build their huts they tore down trees and piled them up.  Fire had not been discovered. The creatures walked erect seeking nuts and berries and tearing to pieces and devouring beasts and reptiles. Under the influence of teachers they began to learn the use of fire and the way to fashion metals. They began to dig and till the ground. Very late in the history of the continent they learnt to build great cities, the first of which, were built on the extended mountain region of the continent, which included the present Island of Madagascar. Another great city is described as having been built entirely of blocks of lava. It lay some 30 miles west of the present Easter Island, and was eventually destroyed by volcanic eruption. The gigantic Statues of Easter Island, some of them 27ft high and 8ft across the shoulders were probably intended, it is said, to be representative of the height, and not only of the features of those who carved them. The destruction of Lemuria is ascribed to volcanic action. It was raked by burning ashes and red hot dust from numberless volcanoes. The Lemurians met their doom chiefly from fire or suffocation in a period of continuous fiery activity. The continual volcanic disturbance ended in the eventual subsidence and disappearance of the land as in the case of Krakatoa in 1883.  Another theorist has evolved a picture of Lemurian man as strange as the moon calves of H. G. Wells. Language, he writes, was not fully developed. Communication was effected by thought transference. Lemurian man had imbibed the physical and chemical forces inherent in lifeless things, and had but to look at objects to judge their weight-bearlng capacity. Thus he could build and erect without recourse to engineering, and could lift enormous weights by the exercise of willpower alone. He lived in caves and excavations and was still physically in a semi-material state.

An American Vision 

An amazing contribution to Lemurian lore comes from California. The author, writing in a Sunday newspaper, tells of the discovery of a community in California said to be of Lemurian origin He writes - "I was travelling in a train near Mount Shasta, when gazing upon its splendour, I suddenly perceived that the whole southern side of the mountain was ablaze with a strange, reddish green light. A flame of light that grew faint, then flared up with renewed brilliance. My first conjecture was a forest fire but the total absence of smoke discounted that theory. The light resembled the glow of Roman candles. The thing intrigued me . . . . Later I motored to the point of my investigations and discovered that the existence of a mystic village on Mt Shasta was an accepted fact. All attested to the weird rituals that were performed on the mountain side at sunset, midnight and sunrise. Also they freely ridiculed my avowed trek into the sacred precincts, assuring me that an entrance was as difficult and forbidden as an entrance into Tibet. I learned that the existence of Lemurian descendants on Mt Shasta was vouched for some years ago by no less an authority than the eminent scientist Professor Edgar Lucin Larkin, for many years director of the Mt Lowe Observatory in Southern California.

Professor Larkin, with determined sagacity, penetrated the Shasta wilderness as far as he could, or dared, and then cleverly continued his investigations from a promontory with a powerful long distance telescope. What the scientist saw, he reported, was a great temple in the heart of the mystic village, a marvellous work of carved onyx, rivalling in beauty and architectural splendour the magnificence of the temples of Yucatan. That these Lemurians who live in California are cognisant of the disaster that befell their ancestors ls revealed in the fact that each night at midnight throughout the entire year they perform a ritual thanksgiving to 'Guatama' which Is their name for America. The chief object of this ceremony is to celebrate the escape of their forebears from the doomed Lemuria and their safe arrival in Guatama.
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